SNAPSHOT_FILE

The SNAPSHOT_FILE sub-block of OUTPUT requests that the simulation outputs HDF5 format files. See example below:

OUTPUT
  FORMAT HDF5
  MASS_BALANCE_FILE
    PERIODIC TIMESTEP 1
  END
  SNAPSHOT_FILE
    TIMES d 30 500 1000
    VARIABLES
      TEMPERATURE
      GAS_SATURATION
      LIQUID_SATURATION
      GAS_PRESSURE
      LIQUID_PRESSURE
    END
  END
  PRINT_PRIMAL_GRID
END

The instructions above output 3D snapshots of the variables on the entire reservoir domain at given times (30 500 and 1000 days), for visualisation in Paraview.

The following options can be used to tune the SNAPSHOT_FILE output:

FORMAT

The FORMAT sub-block of OUTPUT specifies the format of the SNAPSHOT_FILE, and can take the following values:

  • HDF5 to include all printed times in the same file.

  • HDF5 MULTIPLE_FILES to include each printed time in a different file.

If FORMAT is not entered, no snapshots files are saved.

Note that the PRINT_PRIMAL_GRID sub-block of OUTPUT is required when using GRDECL grids and the HDF5 output format.

Note that the HDF5 format uses an external library for high performance parallel input/output operations (https://www.hdfgroup.org/). In the latest version installed with PETSc, a issue has been encountered with this library, which makes the software crash when writing the grid file. The problem has a work around, consisting in defining the following environmental variable:

export HDF5_USE_FILE_LOCKING=FALSE

TIMES

The TIMES sub-block of SNAPSHOT_FILE takes one argument that specifies a time unit, followed by a generic number N of arguments that are the times for which simulation states must be saved. See example:

SNAPSHOT_FILE
  TIMES d 5 30 100 500 1095
END

PERIODIC TIMESTEP

The PERIODIC TIMESTEP sub-block of SNAPSHOT_FILE takes one argument, which is the number of time steps between two consecutive simulation states to be saved. See example:

SNAPSHOT_FILE
  PERIODIC TIMESTEP  10
END

PERIODIC TIME

The PERIODIC TIME sub-block of SNAPSHOT_FILE takes two arguments: the first is the time between two consecutive simulation states to be saved in the restart files, the second is the time unit, see example below:

SNAPSHOT_FILE
  PERIODIC TIME  20 d
END

VARIABLES

The VARIABLE sub-block of SNAPSHOT_FILE is a multiple-line instruction block, starting with the keyword VARIABLE and ending by END or ‘/’.

The variables that can be output are model-dependent. Below a the list of variables available for TOWG and TOIL_IMS grouped by fluid phase and material properties, using the syntax expected within by the VARIABLE block:

  • OIL_PRESSURE, OIL_SATURATION, OIL_DENSITY, OIL_MOBILITY, OIL_ENERGY

  • GAS_PRESSURE, GAS_SATURATION, GAS_DENSITY, GAS_MOBILITY, GAS_ENERGY

  • LIQUID_PRESSURE, LIQUID_SATURATION, LIQUID_DENSITY, LIQUID_MOBILITY, LIQUID_ENERGY

  • TEMPERATURE, POROSITY, PERMEABILITY_X, PERMEABILITY_Y, PERMEABILITY_Z

Note that the GAS variables are available only for the TOWG flow model, and that LIQUID refers to water. Each variable to print must be included in a single line.

If no VARIABLES are specified, the flow model default set of variables will be printed.